Goltsblat BLP advises that Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of 10 September 2009 No. 720 “On approval of the technical safety regulations for wheeled vehicles” sets 21 September 2010 as the for them to come into effect.
The technical regulations list precisely and extensively the safety requirements and a detailed procedure for certification of wheeled vehicles and their component parts when traded and operated in the Russian Federation. The technical regulations apply to new vehicles manufactured in Russia and any vehicles imported into Russia. The purpose of the requirements is to protect people’s life and health, the environment and property and to preclude actions that might mislead consumers.
The key items are as follows:
a Russian-language interface (interaction between the driver and the electronics, including receipt of information and entering of commands) and Russian-language inscriptions on the vehicle (from January 2013);
a ban on installation on vehicles of “parts of the structure sticking frontwards and secured to the bumper or other elements of the front part of the vehicle that are made of steel or other materials with similar characteristics (so-called “bull-bars”);
a ban on use in vehicle air conditioners and cooling equipment of ozone-destroying substances and materials;
the possibility of equipping certain types of vehicle with GLONASS or GLONASS/GPS satellite navigation apparatus.
A detailed description is also given of the structure of the vehicle in consideration of its category and purpose (efficient braking system and steering; stability; registration and speed restriction; external visibility for the driver; minimisation of injurious impact; fire and electrical safety; harmful exhaust minimisation and energy efficiency; noise minimisation; proper lighting (including, for example, only yellow-coloured indicators); observance of restrictions on dimensions and weight).
There are separate requirements on the possibility of identifying the vehicle and on its marking. For instance, the vehicle identification number must be unique for at least 30 years and should consist of 17 symbols, including the Arabic numbers from 0 to 9 and the letters of the Latin alphabet apart from I, O and Q. It is worth noting that far from all the VIN on vehicles currently imported meet this requirement.
Compliance by types of vehicle with the technical regulations will be confirmed by approval of the vehicle type. A vehicle that is not of an approved type may not be used. A mandatory entry is made in the vehicle log book on approval of the vehicle type. Vehicle type approval is issued for 3 years (in certain cases 4 years).
The technical regulations regulate the certification procedure quite consistently and in detail. Certification requires testing of selected models presented by the applicant in accordance with the UNECE Rules, the Global Technical Rules or national standards included on the list approved by the Government of the Russian Federation of national standards containing rules and methods for investigation and measurement, among them the sampling rules.
Another important feature introduced by the technical regulations is the opportunity, under certain circumstances, for the certification and vehicle type approval issue procedures to be conducted on the basis of documents submitted by the applicant without the vehicle itself actually being inspected.
In determining the subjects for regulation and the certification procedure, the technical regulations allocate an important place to exercise of control over fulfilment of requirements imposed on vehicles subject to certification. The competent state authority in this sphere is the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology. The procedure and grounds for performing inspections and their consequences are regulated in detail.
It is worth noting that early termination of a vehicle type approval is a means of control envisaged in the technical regulations only for exceptional circumstances. Even if the results of an inspection are negative, a warning procedure is envisaged so that the manufacturer might make adjustments and bring its vehicles into line with the certification requirements.
These technical regulations are adopted in fulfilment of the Federal Law “On Technical Regulation” and continued introduction of high judicial level acts relating to national standards. The purpose is to establish unified requirements on the subjects of technical regulation, in this case the safety of wheeled vehicles and their component parts.
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